remains commited to ensuring the availability of and accessibility to,
aﬀordable and good quality medicines for all Ghanaians; and it is expected
that these medicines would be used ratonally. Achieving these objectves
require a comprehensive strategy that not only includes supply and
distributon, but also appropriate and thoughtul prescribing, dispensing
and use of medicines.
The Ministry of Health since 1983 has been publishing a list of
Essental Drugs with Therapeutc Guidelines to aid the ratonal use of
drugs. This document has been reviewed in response to new knowledge
on drugs and diseases and changes in the epidemiology of diseases in
Ghana. The Ministry has also produced guidelines for specifc disease
control programmes, diseases and identfable health providers.
The Standard Treatment Guidelines have been prepared as a tool
to assist and guide prescribers (including doctors, medical assistants,
and midwives), pharmacists, dispensers, and other healthcare staﬀ who
prescribe at primary care facilites in providing quality care to patents.
The guidelines list the preferred treatments for common health problems
experienced by people in the health system and were subjected to
stakeholder discussions before being fnalised to ensure that the opinion
of the intended users were considered and incorporated.
The guidelines are designed to be used as a guide to treatment
choices and as a reference book to help in the overall management of
patents, such as when to refer. The guidelines are meant for use at all
levels within the health system, both public and private.
It is recognised that the treatment guidance detailed in this book may
diﬀer from current practce. It is emphasised that the choices described
here have the weight of scientfc evidence to support them, together
with the collectve opinion of a wide group of recognised natonal and
internatonal experts. The recommendatons have been rated on the
Evidence Ratng A – requires at least one randomised control trial
as part of a body of scientfc literature of overall good quality and
consistency addressing the specifc recommendaton.
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